Location: Adak, AK 99546
Years of Operation: 1942-1997
Located about 1,200 miles southwest of Anchorage, the Adak Naval Air Station was established as a military base for the Army Air Corps during World War II. About 90,000 troops were present in the area at this time. In 1950, the U.S. Navy took over base operations. The military used the base as a submarine surveillance center during the Cold War. During this time, a portion of the island was allocated for the Navy, and the remainder was part of the Aleutian Islands National Wildlife Refuge.
In 1994, the U.S. government added the base to the National Priority List of contaminated sites. This was in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. The base then closed in 1997.
The following chart outlines the toxins associated with this military location and the potential effects of exposure.*
|Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)||Skin conditions (adults), neurobehavioral and immunological changes (children)|
PCBs have been found to cause cancer in animals
|Metals||Headaches, weakness, fatigue, joint and muscle pain, constipation (source)|
|Chlorinated Solvents||Nervous system damage, reproductive issues, liver damage, cancer, kidney toxicity (source)|
Additional chemicals found at this site include chlorinated hydrocarbons and organic chemicals.
If you worked at the Anniston Army Depot, you may be eligible for compensation for medical conditions associated with toxic exposure.
*Effects are according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry unless otherwise noted.