Congress granted funds to open Fort Wainwright just before World War II in 1938. The main mission of the base was for training troops and testing military equipment in an arctic climate. Currently, about 15,000 people work and live on the base. The military also uses this site to maintain aircrafts and land vehicles. The base serves as the Joint Force Land Component Command in support of Joint Task Force Alaska.
The U.S. Army started investigating contamination at the site in 1989. Several cleanup projects are underway to address various contamination areas.
The following chart outlines the toxins associated with this military location and the potential effects of exposure.*
|Fuel Additives||Potential Effects||-||-||-|
|Lead||Potential Effects||Seizures, Reduced Fertility Male (infertility and subfertility), Peripheral neuropathy, Hypertension, Gout, Developmental Delay, Decreased I.Q../Mental retardation, Decreased Coordination/ Dysequilibrium, Coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, atherosclerosis, Cognitive impairment (includes impaired learning, impaired memory, and decreased attention span), Chronic renal disease, Behavioral problems, Anemia hemolytic, ADD/ADHD, hyperactivity, Abnormal sperm (morphology, motility, and sperm count)||Reduced Fertility Female (infertility and subfertility), Psychiatric disturbances, Preterm delivery, Porphyria toxic, Nephrotic syndrome, Low birth weight/Small for Gestational Age, Immune suppression, Hormonal changes (levels of circulating sex hormones FSH/LH, Inhibin, and/or estrogens, progesterones, and androgens), Hearing loss, Glomerulonephritis, Delayed growth, Cardiomyopathy, Arrhythmias, Altered time to sexual maturation (accelerated or delayed puberty)||Wilm's Tumor, Thyroid disorders Hypothyroidism, Stomach cancer, Osteoporosis, Neurosthenia (Organic affective syndrome), Lung cancer, Erectile dysfunction, Congenital malformation Cranio Facial, Carcinoid, Brain cancer adult, Bladder cancer, Alzheimer's, ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease)|
|Pesticides/Insecticides||Potential Effects||Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Contact dermatitis Irritant, Contact dermatitis Allergic||Testicular cancer, Renal (kidney) cancer, Porphyria toxic, Photosensitivity, Parkinson's disease/Movement disorders, Myelodysplastic syndrome, Multiple myeloma, Childhood Leukemias, Bone cancer/Ewings sarcoma||Wilm's Tumor, Vasculitis, Thyroid disorders Hypothyroidism, Thyroid cancer, Thrombocytopenic purpura, Soft tissue sarcoma, Rheumatoid arthritis, Retinoblastoma, Pneumonia, Melanoma, Laryngeal cancer, Esophageal cancer, Congenital malformations general, Cirrhosis, Cervical cancer, Bronchitis chronic, Bronchitis acute, Alzheimer's, ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease)|
|Petroleum||Potential Effects||-||-||Multiple myeloma, Laryngeal cancer|
|Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)||Potential Effects||Scrotal cancer, Porphyria toxic, Laryngeal cancer||Skin cancer (nonmelanoma), Renal (kidney) cancer, Prostate cancer, Photosensitivity, Pancreatic cancer, Nasopharyngeal/SinoNasal cancer, Lung cancer, Immune suppression, Esophageal cancer, Breast cancer, Bladder cancer||Reduced Fertility Male (infertility and subfertility), Oral cancer, Melanoma, Early onset menopause, Coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, atherosclerosis, Colorectal cancer, Bone cancer/Ewings sarcoma, Adult-Onset Leukemias|
|Solvents (misc.)||Potential Effects||Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Contact dermatitis Irritant||Lung cancer||Vasculitis, Seizures, Rheumatoid arthritis, Multiple Sclerosis|
Fuel additives were also found at Fort Wainwright.
If you worked, lived, or were stationed at Fort Wainwright, you may be eligible for compensation for the above illnesses.
*Effects are according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry unless otherwise noted.