Location: Karnack, TX 75661
Years of Operation: 1942-1997
Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant was established during World War II as a TNT production site. This facility manufactured ammunition throughout the 20th century and officially closed in 1997. It was classified as a Superfund site in 1990 following the discovery of contamination.
The following chart outlines the toxins associated with this military location and the potential effects of exposure.*
|Arsenic||Nausea, vomiting, decreased red blood cell production, abnormal heart rhythm, blood vessel damage, pins and needles sensations, death|
|Barium||Kidney damage, gastrointestinal issues, muscle weakness|
|Chromium||Anemia, stomach and intestinal damage, nasal damage, cancer|
|Lead||Nervous system damage, anemia, kidney damage, miscarriage, reproductive damage, death at high levels|
|Zinc||Anemia, stomach cramps, changes in cholesterol|
|1,3-dinitrobenzene & 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene||Reduced oxygen transport in the blood, blue-tinted skin, anemia|
Headache, nausea, dizziness (anemia only)
|Dinitrobenzene||Reduced oxygen transport in the blood; mouth, nose, and throat irritation, yellowing of the eyes, vision changes, liver damage, anemia|
Reproductive damage in animal studies (source)
|2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT)||Abnormal liver function, anemia, cataracts, skin irritation|
|Nitrobenzene||Reduced oxygen transport in the blood|
|2,6-dinitrotoluene||Eye damage and irritation; nose and throat irritation, headache, dizziness, personality changes, nausea, vomiting, anemia, liver and kidney damage|
Cancer and reproductive damage in animal studies (source)
Organic nitrogen compounds were also found at the site. If you were stationed at Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant and later experienced adverse health effects, you may be eligible for compensation.
*Effects are according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry unless otherwise noted.