All too often, we find that disabled veterans end up in the criminal justice system. Sometimes things happen to our military men and women during service that they are not able to get past on their own, if at all. We know that military sexual trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, and traumatic brain injuries, for instance, can cause problems that may show up immediately or may not show up until years later. Veterans who have suffered these types of injuries sometimes self-medicate with alcohol and drugs and further complicate their symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Some symptoms are easy to identify, but sometimes the symptoms are more subtle. For example, it may not be clear that a veteran’s hair-trigger temper, irritability to the point of violence, isolation from others, or severe difficulty dealing with authority figures are also symptoms of a service-related disability. Veterans exhibiting these problems may end up having significant difficulties in society and, too often, end up incarcerated.
For the veteran, it is important to know that the VA can and will reduce VA disability benefits when a veteran is in the criminal justice system.
VA will discontinue health care and services, including medications, to veterans or beneficiaries who are identified as fugitive felons. A fugitive felon includes any person who is fleeing to avoid custody or confinement after a felony conviction, any person who is fleeing to avoid prosecution for a felony, and any person who is violating a condition of probation or parole imposed for committing a felony. While the VA might not immediately find out about a warrant, not telling the VA does not solve this problem because then the veteran is creating an overpayment which he or she will be responsible for paying back. If you are a fugitive felon, you must contact the agency which issued the felony warrant, not the VA, to correct any mistaken identity or other error, to have the warrant resolved, or to surrender. Evidence that the warrant has been satisfied should be provided to your local VA regional office.
Once a veteran is incarcerated, though he or she does not technically forfeit eligibility for medical care, VA cannot provide hospital or inpatient care to an incarcerated veteran who is an inmate in an institution of another government agency which has a duty to provide those same care and services. So, in effect, the veteran loses VA medical care while incarcerated until such time as he or she is unconditionally released.
On the sixty-first (61st) day of imprisonment following a conviction for felony or misdemeanor, a veteran’s non-service-connected disability pension will be discontinued. On the sixty-first (61st) day of imprisonment for a felony, a veteran receiving disability compensation for a service-connected disability will be subject to a reduction of his or monthly benefits to a 10% rate. (There will be no reduction of service-connected disability compensation if the veteran is imprisoned for a misdemeanor.) If the veteran is already receiving only a 10% rate, the rate will be reduced by half.
There are ways around this reduction. Benefits not paid to the veteran during incarceration may be available to a veteran’s spouse, dependent child or dependent parent. These dependents must apply for these benefits and must show a financial need for the benefits.
Once the veteran is released, he or she is entitled to resume the pre-incarceration disability payments as of the day of release. The veteran must, however, notify the VA within one year of the release in order to receive all of the benefits to which he or she is entitled. A veteran may even notify VA of the anticipated release date ahead of time once he or she has some official prison or parole board paperwork showing the scheduled release.
According to http://www.ladanlaw.com/orlando-criminal-defense-attorney, veterans should know that some areas across the United States have begun to develop special courts for veterans which provide alternatives to a traditional criminal justice system and focus on providing help and treatment for veterans rather than simply focusing on punishment for the crime. These courts are known as Veterans’ Courts. You can research the different types and what states have them here. Make sure you inform your defense attorney of your veteran status.
Finally, it is important to know that being incarcerated does not bar a veteran from applying for disability compensation benefits. If you have a service-connected disability, you can file your claim and establish your right to benefits while still incarcerated so that you will have more of the help you need once you are released. In addition, you have a right to have an attorney help you with appealing VA decisions as to your disability compensation. Help is available if you are denied compensation or if you are assigned a disability rating which does not reflect the severity of your disability.